Nowadays Red dragon fruits (Hylocereus undatus) are becoming very conversant due to its’ numerous health benefits. It is also known as Pitaya, Pitahaya, Strawberry pear, etc. It is called the name Dragon Fruits because of its’ similar shape with the body of Dragon. The Dragon Fruit is magnificent to behold with stunning and beautiful fruit that exhibits variant colors and shape. It is not only attractive but also flavorful fruit (delicious). Red Dragon fruit was nominated as a Superfood in 2013. It is cultivated in Thailand, Indonesia, Northern Australia, Israel, Colombia, Taiwan, Malaysia, United States and some other countries.
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Red Dragon fruit Nutritional facts
Dragon fruit plant is grown in the open place but if we wanna get the best result the place should be warm to hot, good rainfall and the soil should be highly organic or composted. And the place must be free from solar radiation, there are next to nothing fruits which has similar amount of nutritious value as like as the red dragon fruit.
Red dragon fruit contains higher level of antioxidant which boosts the immune system of the body & also has higher level of pigment. The fruits contains (Per 100grams)
- Calories: 35-50
- Water: 80-90 g
- Carbohydrates: 9-14 g
- Protein: 0.15-0.5 g
- Fat: 0.1-0.60g
- Fiber: 0.3-0.9 g
- Vitamin C (Antioxidant Vitamin): 4-25 mg
- Calcium: 6-10 mg
- Vitamin B1 traces
- Phosphorus: 13-36 mg
- Vitamin A traces
- Iron: 0.3-0.7 mg
- Vitamin B2 traces
From the above list, we very confirm that most of the nutrients & ingredients which are essential for the body, almost all of them are being in red dragon fruit.
Benefits of Red Dragon Fruit
As red dragon fruits rich in nutrients, it can provide some great benefits to the body. Some well-known universities & cancer research centers investigate the nutritional benefits of red dragon frits which are listed in bellow:
Red dragon fruits contain some amount of fiber which helps in the digestion of food. By promoting digestion and it reduces the rate if inflammation which makes healthy digestion. These processes occur in the digestive tract.
Fibers are not only promoted healthy digestion but also has the great activity against constipation. It makes the stool softer and helps to pass large intestine. It also facilitates the bowel movement. Any lack of the dietary fiber constipation occurs.
Because of the presence of high level of Vitamin C, other phytonutrients and antioxidants it can boost the immune system functions. Antioxidant decreases the number of free radicals by inhibiting the oxidation process of the cell. By the combined actions of the nutrients & antioxidant, red dragon fruit strength the immune system.
Dragon fruit benefits for diabetes
The fiber of the fruit can lower the blood glucose level. It also makes the proper environment as if insulin can work properly. So, it is beneficial for Type 1 diabetes mellitus. On the other hand, Type 2 diabetes mellitus who are not dependent on insulin can decrease blood glucose more than 19% when given 600gm Red Dragon Fruit daily. Now, we can say by taking Red Dragon Fruit, we can control diabetes.
Reduce risk of cancer
Lycopene, flavanoid, antioxidant, and phytoalexins can help prevent the formation of cancer cell which is contained in the red flesh dragon fruits. It can prevent cancer, especially prostate cancer. Regular taking of lycopene can reduce the chance of prostate cancer which was published in the Asian Pacific Journal.
Reduce cholesterol level
The fruit has both soluble & insoluble fiber. These fibers can improve the digestive system which is responsible for the reduced accumulation of dietary cholesterol.
In a clinical study, published in the American Journal of Applied Science 6 (7): 1341-1346, 2009 edition, eating the red dragon fruit over five weeks, saw an impressive drop in the total cholesterol level.
Prevent heart disease
Heart disease/ coronary disease is the most common cause of death according to World Health Organization (WHO) data. It is one of the most common diseases which we should take necessary steps. Fiber can decrease the level of cholesterol in the blood and take away the blood vessels from the cholesterol effect. Presence of Antioxidant in the red dragon fruit keeps safe the heart from free radical damage.
Help in weight loss
The persons having the intense of lowering the weight, red dragon fruit is one of the good choices for them. Dietary fibers can make the stomach full & satisfied feelings. It causes later stimulation of hunger center and reduces fat cell.
Promotes healthy hair
Uses of red dragon fruit juice on the scalp & hair stem can make the hair smooth & colorful. Antioxidant & nutrients of red dragon fruit exhibit the hairs colorful & smoothening.
Repair Body Cell
In case of delayed wound healing & cell injury, protein is a very necessary factor which is present in the red dragon fruit. With the help of protein, regeneration & repair of the cell is possible.
Improve brain functions
Among the vital organ of the body, Brain is one of them. Many Vitamins, minerals, and phytonutrients can protect the brain from damage and ensure healthy nerve function.
Maintain strong bones
Calcium is one of the important nutrients that belong to dragon fruit play an important role providing the strength of the bones. Elder person, especially women and menopause experienced women who are the risk group for osteoporosis should deplete red dragon fruit regularly.
Prebiotic action of dragon fruit
The fiber in the dragon fruit is made up mainly oligosaccharides which are not digested in the stomach but acts as prebiotics. It also assists the growth of some bacteria which are good for health. These bacteria promote digestion and keep the immune system strong.
Vitamins & minerals in dragon fruits
Red dragon fruit contains some vitamins which are mentioned above. The vitamins are Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C and Vitamin E.
The fruit has also some minerals such as potassium, magnesium, zinc, phosphorous and small amount of calcium, iron, and copper. Availability of abundant nutritional benefits it can be a complete meal of its own.
Necessary in pregnancy period
Because of the numerous nutritious values, it can be one of the best supplementary diets during pregnancy. It can fulfill the demand of iron of pregnant mother & her unborn child. It can prevent the chance of anemia. Folate belongs to the fruit which is fundamental for the formation of red blood cells.
Red Dragon Fruit Taste
You can enjoy eating it as fruit salads, tasty drinks, desserts and it is a wonderful, healthy snack on its own. Red dragon fruit is sweeter and tastes like raspberries. To some people, dragon fruit tastes like a mix of a pear and a kiwi.
Red dragon fruit side effects
Many nutritional experts recommend their patients suffering from heart disease, asthma, diabetes to consume red dragon fruit. It has a few side effects:
- Reddish feces & urine
- Excess intake is injurious to health
- Can cause Diarrhea
Where to buy Red dragon fruit
The marketplace of the red dragon fruit is thriving day by day to the more & more countries. Now the fruit is available in various markets, super shops and many identified places in Thailand, Malaysia, Israel, Taiwan, United State, South Africa, Northern Australia and many countries.
Conclusion – Red dragon fruit
Is there anybody who doesn’t wanna be a healthy person? As we know the convenience of the red dragon fruits, we must take red dragon fruit as much as we need. But, abstain from over intake as the excess intake is injurious to our health. Aren’t you ready to take much of the benefits of red dragon fruits?